Dolomites - mountains and landscape: from theatre of war to universal symbol

The Dolomites between past and present, from protecting mountains to mountains to protect

First World War events seen from an unusual perspective that emphasizes the nature and form of the mountains, and how they both served men for the construction of a large theater.
A two-year study project (2013-2015) which will become a traveling exhibition, conferences, publications, educational proposals for schools and families, leading the celebrations of the centenary of the Great War (2014).

Between 1912 and 1918 the most prominent university professors and researchers from both sides were involved in the largest organized​ plan to track vast alpine areas: kilometers of roads, aqueducts, trenches, logistics features requiring a deep knowledge of the geological and geomorphological nature of places. On the one hand, the extensive infrastructure brought on a multidisciplinary methodology and knowledge of high mountain areas, for the first time studied on a large scale, beyond regional borders; on the other hand it introduced a series of architectural and technological innovations that have radically transformed most Alpine territories, until then isolated in a traditional geographic and cultural marginality.
A sort of "globalization", which followed the dramatic destruction of war.

The Great War in the Dolomites can be viewed as a unifying element, a common matrix that, for better or worse, has affected, marked, transformed territories, peoples and cultures, all encased within the great Alpine region.
The long dolomite front will then be described through the eyes of war geologists and naturalists, defining the manner and timing of a transformation which gave rise to the current landscape.
The tangible and intangible traces of this huge effort remain hundred years after their creation and significantly contribute to the Dolomites, the universal heritage​ now recognized by UNESCO.
Promoted by:
Dolomites Unesco Foundation - Geological Heritage Network (PAT)

Designed and managed by:
Muse - ​Science Museum of Trento and Italian War History Museum of Rovereto

With the collaboration of:
State Archive of Trento, Authority for Cultural Heritage of  Trento, History Laboratory of Rovereto, Natural Park Paneveggio - ​Pale di San Martino, museum network of the province of Belluno.

  • 5_sezione-a-traverso-le-dolomiti_slide
  • 2_Ampezzothal-mit-Monte-Tofana-1904_slide
  • 4_gruppo-del-Rosengarten-1895_slide
  • 6_Sellagruppe-1916_slide
  • 12a_Dolomitenkampfe_slide
  • 14a_Tofane-dal-Lagazuoi_slide
  • 8_unterstand_slide
  • 14b_Tofane_slide
  • 11_catinaccio-latemar-1916_slide
  • 7_Felsennester-mit-Boespitze-Sellagruppe-1916_slide
  • 10_Minenkrieg-in-kleinen-Lagazuoi_slide
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